A Short History of the Great War
On 28 June 1914 the Archduke Francis Ferdinand, heir-presumptive to the Hapsburg throne, was shot in
the streets of Serajevo, the capital of the Austrian province of Bosnia. Redeemed by the Russo-Turkish
war of 1876-7 from Ottoman rule, Bosnia had by the Congress of Berlin in 1878 been entrusted to
Austrian administration; but in 1908, fearing lest a Turkey rejuvenated by the Young Turk revolution
should seek to revive its claims on Bosnia, the Austrian Government annexed on its own authority a
province confided to its care by a European mandate.